Like areas of your wages get into different brackets, which can be assigned tax rates that increase on a graduated scale. Most of the time, the 1st dollar you’re making is going to be taxed at a lower rate than the last dollar you’re making.
Your taxable income isn’t salary your coworkers said you’d make if you got your work, but the amount of income leftover after you’ve made your pre-tax contributions on your 401(k) and after you’ve subtracted the tax breaks which you’re entitled.
The wages ranges define tax brackets are adjusted for inflation, change yearly and differ based on your filing status (e.g., single or married filing jointly).
Tax rates can adjust at the same time.
Here’s a good example of how salary is taxed: Say you might be single and report $80,000 in taxable income for that 2012 tax year (filing in 2013). As per the income ranges defining federal tax brackets for single filers this year, the 1st $8,700 of your salary is taxed at 10% dollars $8,701 through $35,350 are taxed at 15% dollars $35,351 through $85,650 are taxed at 25%.
When people inquire what your tax bracket is, they’re really asking for your marginal tax rate. Which is, the percent from which the very best portion of your wages is taxed. Within the example above, if you report $80,000 of taxable income for 2012, your marginal tax minute rates are 25% — the pace from which the last dollar of these $80,000 is taxed.
Your marginal minute rates are the pace you utilize to calculate value of a deduction. For example, in case your marginal minute rates are 28%, a $100 deduction reduces your taxable income by $28 (100 x .28).
Your effective rate, meanwhile, could be the overall percentage of your taxable income that was actually paid in income tax at the conclusion of the afternoon. Understanding that rate is going to be below your marginal rate because much of your income is going to be taxed at rates below your top rate.
If you need additional help a good resource this Sarasota accountant website. They have made several videos for tax tips including:
For current regulations visit the IRS.gov